Wood is an indispensable material for interior decoration today. Whether it is used to pave the floor or make solid wood furniture, the texture of wood is always fascinating! There are many types of wood on the market, and the price difference between cheap wood and high-grade wood can be huge, so unless it is made of the same type of wood, it is difficult to compare!
Timber can be divided into three types: low price, medium price, and high price. High price does not necessarily mean high quality. Style, woodworking technology, and formaldehyde content of the board also need to be considered.
The wood grain is obvious, the wood color is light, and it has a unique aroma. Since pine is a fast-growing wood, it is mass-produced in Taiwan, and its price is relatively cheaper than other woods. However, because pine wood is soft, it is not suitable for making large furniture for load-bearing, otherwise the wood is easy to crack. Pine wood is also prone to problems such as moths and deformation.
(2) Rubber wood:
Rubber wood is processed from wood that does not produce rubber, and is an environmentally friendly wood. It is also known as ivory wood because of its natural ivory-like light tone. The texture of rubber wood is very uniform and has strong plasticity. However, because the wood is soft, it is easy to leave scratches. Rubber wood also has spots and black spots, and the surface is rough.
(3) Chinese fir:
It mainly grows in China and Southeast Asia, while the variant Taiwan fir is distributed in northern Taiwan. The fir has a light reddish brown color, and the wood is moderately soft and hard.
Corkwood is mainly produced in North America, and the sapwood is almost white, so it is also called ash wood. This kind of wood has high stability and is not easy to deform, and is very popular among Taiwanese.
(5) African teak :
(6) Sycamore wood:
The sycamore tree grows fast and is a sustainable wood with good corrosion resistance. The material is light and soft, and it is mostly used as decorative fabrics.
Teak is mainly produced in Southeast Asia and Taiwan. The teak on the market mainly comes from Indonesia and Myanmar, and is also known as a "national treasure". The wood of teak is hard, does not warp or crack, and is resistant to water and fire. Therefore, in addition to being used to make furniture , it is also used in shipbuilding, open-air buildings and bridges.
The hardness and strength of elm are moderate, and it is generally used for openwork and relief. Early elm furniture was mostly used to make furniture for salaries, so it is often used in temple buildings, and it is one of the most popular woods since ancient times.
Oak and rubber wood are easily confused, but oak wood is much harder and more durable than the latter. It is a high-grade wood, and its price can be 3 or 4 times lower than rubber wood. The grain of oak is straight grained, with high plasticity, no matter it is dyed or used for other processing purposes, the effect is equally ideal.
The high-quality wood with a growth cycle of up to 100 years is mainly distributed in South America, North America, southeastern Europe, and eastern Asia. Black walnut and South American walnut are common on the market. Black walnut is hard and not easy to deform. It is one of the best furniture materials, so it is usually used to make high-end solid wood furniture. The surface of South American walnut is brown, with black patterns, and the color is soft.
Rosewood is the most advanced wood among mahogany, and it is superior to other woods in terms of hardness, softness and fineness. This kind of wood has tight texture, red heartwood, bright and soft color, suitable for Chinese furniture.
There are three kinds of nanmu, the first one is golden nanmu, which is named after the bright golden threads in the wood grain. The second type is called Xiangnan, which has a fresh aroma and the wood is slightly purple. The third type is water nan, which is softer and is mostly used to make furniture.
(13) Huanghua pear:
Listed as an endangered species, this precious tree takes hundreds of years to mature. Huanghuali has a unique texture and is an excellent material for making classical hardwood furniture .
(14) Siamese rosewood:
It takes five hundred years for Siamese rosewood to become a material. The wood is hard, and the wood is dark red with dark brown or black stripes, giving people an antique feeling.
Precautions for maintaining solid wood furniture:
To make solid wood furniture last forever, daily maintenance must be done well. Depending on the wood species, the required maintenance procedures may vary, however general maintenance includes:
(1) Dust removal:
Dusting is the first step in keeping your wood nice and new, remember to use a soft cotton cloth so it doesn't scratch the wood!
(2) Keep away from moisture:
Although solid wood furniture generally has the function of regulating moisture, if the wood itself is easy to warp, it is best to keep it away from moisture to prevent deformation.
(3) Use special cleaning agent:
If the wood is stained with oil, please use a special furniture cleaner.
(4) Regular waxing:
For some expensive and poor insect-proof and waterproof wood, we should wax regularly to maintain the proper luster of solid wood furniture and prolong its service life.
Wood is a porous organism, especially the surface treated with wood wax oil, which has a certain degree of breathing. Although the carpenter has reserved a normal expansion space, the furniture will still change with humidity and temperature. No matter what kind of wood, the natural phenomenon of contraction and thermal expansion may cause the wood to crack and deform. But please rest assured that slight cracks and local deformation will not affect the overall strength and structure of the furniture.
Natural logs also have unavoidable characteristics, including unique color, wood grain, tree eyes, scars, dark mineral lines, grain and small holes.
Sometimes, solid wood furniture involves hand-made processes, which means that the artisan's craftsmanship cannot be perfect, and each product cannot be exactly the same as a machine. In other words, there is no perfect solid wood furniture in the world, just like there is no perfect person in the world, what we need is a heart that knows how to appreciate nature.