There are many kinds of materials used in furniture. Of course, we will explain to you the differences, good and bad of various materials. In fact, in addition to solid wood, furniture also uses different boards such as plywood and fiberboard.
1) Solid Wood
Price: High Pros: Strong and durable, natural wood grain Cons: Easier to be affected by temperature
Solid wood furniture has a natural texture, but due to its high price and complicated workmanship, it is rarely used in decoration projects. There are also very few companies in the market that can provide custom-made solid wood furniture, and most people will buy ready-made products. Solid wood furniture is divided into two types: logs and solid wood panels. Since furniture made of original logs is expensive, most solid wood furniture will be made of panels instead. Rare things are more expensive, the more expensive wood species have higher density, and the growth rate is slower than cheap wood species.
|Expensive wood species:
|Teak, Walnut, Cherry, Rosewood, Ebony
|Mid-priced wood species:
|Elm, oak, beech
|Cheap wood species:
|Birch, pine, fir, rubber wood, paulownia
2) Splint (Plywood)
Price: High Advantages: Strong bearing capacity, high moisture resistance, not easy to deform Disadvantages: Rough surface, needs processing
Plywood is divided into two types: thin core board and large core board. It is the most commonly used custom-made furniture board in Hong Kong. The thin core board is made of several layers of thin wood boards stacked up and down, while the large core board uses the split wooden strips as the core and is sandwiched by two layers of thin wood boards. Among the two, the thin core board has the better bearing capacity and is more expensive. The thickness of the plywood is in units of "fen", and 1 cent is equal to 3mm. Custom-made furniture usually uses 6-fen boards (18mm).
thin core board
Big core board
3) Medium density fiberboard (MDF)
Price: Medium Pros: Smooth surface and easy to finish Disadvantages: Average load-bearing capacity, easy to swell and deform when exposed to moisture
Fiberboard is made of wood chips and glue as raw materials, and then pressed at high temperature. Fibreboards are divided into high, medium and low density fibreboards, among which medium density fibreboards are most commonly used to make custom-made furniture.
4) Bagasse board Chipboard
Price: Low Pros: Smooth surface and easy to finish Disadvantages: Poor load-bearing capacity, easily deformed by moisture
Bagasse board, also known as particle board, is commonly used in cheap mass-produced furniture. Bagasse boards that really contain bagasse have long been eliminated, and now bagasse boards generally refer to low-density fiberboards.